: Time-use poverty is a topical policy issue which requires urgent public discourse. Despite other natural resources endowments, agricultural households are facing competing claims and pressure on time allocation. And, given the paucity of studies on the analysis of the time-use for both agricultural and non-agricultural work related activities, and the time allocated for leisure, this study investigated if there an indication of time poverty among the farmers. This research relied on the data elicited from a random sample of 368 smallholder farmers in South-West Nigeria, by interrogating the gender differentials of time-use resource allocations to productive and non-productive activities by the smallholder farmers, using the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) class poverty decomposition measures/indices, as well as the maximum likelihood estimation of heteroskedastic probit model. Findings indicated that women spent more time on work related activities, while men clearly spent marginally higher time on leisure related activities, suggesting that female farmers are disproportionately vulnerable to time poverty, comparatively. Given the FGT distributionally-sensitive measure of time poverty, there is a clear inequality among the time-poor population groups which violates the time transfer-sensitivity axiom. Findings from heteroskedastic probit model indicated gender, years of formal education, family size, involvement in secondary livelihood activity, and importantly, time spent on leisure are significant predictors of time poverty among the farmers. The study underscores the need to strike a balance between competing claims and leisure time, which has not been given attention by previous studies, and to develop appropriate gender-just policies for empowerment and global prosperity..