Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE) (ISSN:18158129, E-ISSN:18151027)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE) is an Open Access International Journal Which Aims to Publish High-quality Scientific Articles in the Field of Horticulture, Agriculture and Soil Science, Agronomy; Biology; Economics Academic Field: Mathematical and Statistical Methods in Economics; Agriculture and Animal Husbandry; Forestry and Many More. Our Aim is to Give an Open Space to Scientists Who Can Publish and Deliver Scientific Knowledge About the Relevant Field for the People in the Society. Asia Life Sciences Technology Reports of Kansai University

Scope-

Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Horticulture Agriculture Soil Science Agronomy
Biology Economics Biotechnology Agricultural chemistry
Soil development in plants aromatic plants subtropical fruits
Green house construction Growth Horticultural therapy Entomology
Medicinal Weed management in horticultural crops plant Analysis Tropical

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Latest Journals
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)
Journal ID : JASAE-15-07-2020-32
Total View : 246

Title : The change of planting timing to sugar beet cultivars as an adaptation to climate change
by Adrian MAHO Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, “Fan S.Noli” University Korce, Albania., Besnik SKENDERASI Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, “Fan S.Noli” University Korce, Albania.,
Abstract : The production of agricultural crops depends on the optimization rate of plant genetic factors, climatic and soil factors and the level of agrochemicals. This factors are in constant dynamism and also is the production of agricultural plants. Changing in climatic conditions of the area will necessitate bring changes in the genetic resources of the plants that will be cultivated as well as in the technology of cultivation. Climate data of recent decades have shown steady rise in temperatures and significant changes in the amount of precipitation and its distribution. Experimenting in relation with the optimal timing of planting of different sugar beet cultivars, constitutes a necessity to adapt to climate change. The study was based on a multi-year analysis of climate indicators in the Korça region, analyzing the performance of morphological, physiological and productive indicators of sugar beet cultivars planted at different time periods. Experimental conclusions are based on the statistical analysis of factors variance two (sugar beet genotype x different planting time. The planting time, which is essentially determined by the optimum agronomic temperature, determines the entire biological cycle of the plant by directly influencing the morphologic and plant yield. Sustainable agricultural development determined by long-term climate change requires adaptation to these changes.
Full article
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)
Journal ID : JASAE-06-07-2020-31
Total View : 259

Title : The Role of Trust and Transaction Cost Attributes to Reduce Side Selling in Sesame Contract Farming in Ethiopia
by Mekdelawit Yeshitila, Isriya Bunyasiri, Prapinwadee Sirisupluxana,
Abstract : Based on the concept that relational contracts complete a formal contract in the absence of a legal enforcement mechanism, this study assessed the coexistence of relational and formal contracts to reduce side selling in sesame contract farming. Thus, trust and communication are used as relational contract elements, and the need for a formal contract was assessed based on transaction cost attributes (asset specificity and behavioral uncertainty). A structural equation modeling was used to analyze the relationship between the attributes of relational contracts and transaction cost economics and their direct and indirect effect on reducing side selling. The result indicates trust has a positive significant direct effect on reducing side selling with an effect coefficient of 0.248. Based on the result, while asset specificity, satisfaction, communication, and commitment have a total significant positive effect on reducing side selling, uncertainty encouraged side selling. Even if it is appealing for farmers to side sell when the market price is higher, the cost of losing secured market outlet and long term buyer exceed the short term benefit. Therefore, both farms and the firm need to foster trust to have a sustainable relationship. Alongside trust, it is better to execute contract legislation and enforcement mechanisms to circumvent uncertainty..
Full article
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)
Journal ID : JASAE-01-07-2020-30
Total View : 360

Title : Factors Affecting Sustainability of Business Relationships in Ethiopia Banana Value Chain
by Zinashbizu Lemma, Kanchana Sripruetkiat, Isriya Bunyasiri,
Abstract : Among other fruits crops in Ethiopia, banana is the most commonly grown and most widely consumed fruit crop, and has a paramount contribution to the livelihood developments of all value chain actors. However, the country’s banana market is not technically as well as economically efficient. Also, the value chain actors’ vertical coordination or integration is very weak. Chain integration requires the value chain actors to establish and maintain close and sustainable business relationships with their partners. Thus, this paper developed a structural equation model to determine factors that affect the sustainability of business relationships in Ethiopia banana value. Business relationship sustainability conceptualized as a higher-order latent construct measured by relationship stability and quality. Compared to the other two chain stages, the sustainability of business relationships at the farmers-to-cooperative stage and retailers-to-wholesaler stage is good. The findings show that equal power distribution, personal bonds, and the departure of key people significantly determine the business relationship sustainability along the value chain. For the farmers-local collectors and retailers-wholesalers stages, equal power distribution is the main determinant of business relationship sustainability, while for the farmers-cooperative stage competition, and at the local collectors-wholesalers level, a personal bond is the most important determinant..
Full article
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)
Journal ID : JASAE-10-06-2020-29
Total View : 355

Abstract : Due to rapid transitions in the agri-food chain, collaboration and coordination between buyers and sellers are particularly important. Collaboration established on relational factors like trust. In Ethiopia banana value chain, the business relationship between farmers and local collectors is not long-lasting. They involve informal marketing relationships established based on the merits of the trading partners. Local collectors act opportunistically, and it affects producers' level of trust and their willingness to involve in a long-term relationship. Thus, this paper aimed to determine the factors that affect producers’ trust and its role to build producers' loyalty which facilitates collaboration for two groups of farmers; cooperative members and independent farmers. The study found that price satisfaction and social satisfaction are the main determinants of trust, while the former is for the independent farmers, and the latter is for the cooperative members. Trust highly determine producers' loyalty, especially for independent farmers, and it also plays a significant mediating role between two factors (price satisfaction & social satisfaction) and producers' loyalty. The cooperative members have a better level of trust and loyalty for their buyers than that of the independent farmers. Thus, local collectors need to avoid their opportunistic behavior and develop trust in their sellers by satisfying their price and social satisfaction.
Full article
Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)
Journal ID : JASAE-02-06-2020-28
Total View : 275

Title : The Impact of Contract Farming on Technical Efficiency in Ethiopia’s Smallholder Sesame Production
by Mekdelawit Yeshitila, Isriya Bunyasiri, Prapinwadee Sirisupluxana, Auttapol Suebpongsakorn,
Abstract : Ethiopia has been struggling in the international Sesame market due to low productivity. Therefore, contract farming (CF) has been introduced as a new institutional arrangement to improve productivity. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of CF on smallholder’s technical efficiency (TE) using cross-sectional data from 122 CF and 261 non-CF sesame farmers in Ethiopia. A data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to estimate sesame production efficiency. The impact of CF on technical, allocative, and economic efficiency was assessed using propensity score matching (PSM). A Rosenbaum bound approach was used to see to what extent the PSM results is sensitive to hidden bias problem. Based on the DEA result, CF participants have an average TE score of 0.68 and non-CF has 0.56 under constant return to scale. This indicates that to increase TE, CF participants and non-participants can reduce the amount of input use by 32% and 44%, respectively. Farmers can increase TE under variable return to scale by reducing input level on average by 23% and 32% for CF and non-CF, respectively. The AE for CF participants is 0.26, while the non-CF participant has an AE of 0.20. The PSM results revealed that contract farming increases technical efficiency by 11% and economic efficiency by 8.7%. AE is increased by 8% due to CF. Therefore, contract farming can be used as an institutional arrangement to improve production efficiency.
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