: lbania’s agricultural sector is dominated by small to very small farms. Farm smallholders are facing currently tough challenges to survive or prosper. Major challenges are international trade liberalization and globalization, climate challenges, low access to credit and agricultural services, and low public support for extremely small farms in particular. We strongly believe that learning from foreign experiences, and from research, is vital for the design of a policy framework that works for the farm smallholders and assists them in the struggle to face these challenges, stay in the system and modernize. Based on this, the purpose of our research is to identify and present policy options that potentially can be integrated with the design of an effective policy agenda that works for the farm smallholders in Albania. We focus on major agricultural development issues such as the viability of small farms, alternative systems of agricultural products such as conventional and agro-ecological agriculture, cooperation among and vertical integration of farms into markets, the competitiveness of farm products, and investment climate for small farmers, improving institutional quality, and governance of the agricultural sector as a precondition for a pro-smallholder policy framework and effective implementation, etc..