Forest production plays crucial role in improving the livelihood of ethnic minorities in Vietnam. This study aims to analyze the correlation between forest development support policies and poverty reduction in ethnic minority households in the extreme poor region. The results of the correlation analysis between the the forest cover and poverty rate in the study site show that the higher the forest cover rate, the lower the poverty rate. Data analysis of 360 households surveyed by Wald test and Binary Logist model and Hierarchical Logist show that if ethnic minority households receive support including contracted and forest care, payment for forest environmental services, support for production forest land increases the probability of households escaping from poverty. These supports have a positive impact on poverty reduction, these are not material supports, they are necessary and their impacts are quite obvious. Support for contracting and taking care of forests, training for agricultural and forestry extension, support for participating in the model tend to increase income a lot. Meanwhile, support for forest plant varieties tends to reduce the income of ethnic minority households. Thus, the research results show that soft support increases household income, in contrast, material supports reduce household income. This shows that the material support is no longer appropriate, local authorities need to change their perception, methods and support solutions in the direction of increasing software support and reducing and eliminating material supports.