Vol - 20, Issue - 05
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Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)
Journal ID : JASAE-31-05-2024-307
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Title : Assessment of Arable Crops Farmers’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Perception on Climate Change Extreme Events in South-west, Nigeria
by Ayinla, Rasheed Ayodele, Alao, Oluwagbenga Titus, Adesoji, Solomon Adedapo, Ayinla, Rachael Ajibola, Olawuyi, Seyi Olalekan,
Abstract : This study assessed farmers’ knowledge, attitudes, and perception (KAP) regarding climate change effects on agriculture in the south-west Nigerian States of Oyo and Osun. Data collected from a sample of 389 smallholder arable crop farmers across different agro-ecological zones using structured questionnaires were analysed using descriptive statistics, Weighted Average Index (WAI), and Pearson’s Products Moment Correlation (PPMC). The results revealed an ageing population of farmers with an average age of 55 years, who are predominantly male (78.1%), and engaged in farming as their primary occupation (77.4%). Most farmers (67.6%) had secondary or higher education. Farmers also demonstrated good knowledge of climate change indicators like temperature rise, erosion, storms, and biodiversity loss. However, understanding of less visible impacts like crop seasonality shifts was lacking, as revealed in the results. Likewise, positive attitudes towards adaptation strategies such as crop diversification, irrigation adoption and weather monitoring were observed. The findings from correlation analysis also indicated that farmers’ personal and socio-economic characteristics indeed have significant relationships with their knowledge, attitude and perception about climate change. Given the results of the study, a holistic approach tailored towards farmers’ needs, integrating these elements is crucial for building widening farmers’ knowledge, and capable of driving a positive attitude and perception on climate change, as well as building their adaptive capacities and ensuring sustainable food production systems.

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