The present study aims to elucidate the impact of extreme weather events (EWEs) on livelihoods in coastal communes of Quang Ngai (QN) province, Vietnam. It seeks to identify and examine the adaptation strategies implemented by fishers residing in these coastal communities in response to EWEs. It also explores variations in these strategies across different regions. Data for the study were gathered through a household survey involving interviews conducted with 229 households (HHs) using designed questionnaires. The collected data were subjected to rigorous analysis and visualization using Excel and R software. Various statistical, comparative, and descriptive methods were employed to analyze the adaptation strategies employed by individuals in these regions. The findings reveal the existence of both passive and active adaptation practices within aquaculture and fishing HHs with three passive adaptations and five active adaptations identified. Furthermore, notable differences in adaptation strategies were observed among the communes, encompassing both active and passive approaches. This study's outcomes hold substantial significance in guiding the selection of context-specific adaptation strategies to mitigate the adverse consequences of EWEs effectively.