Vol - 20, Issue - 02
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Journal of the Austrian Society of Agricultural Economics (JASAE)
Journal ID : JASAE-15-02-2024-301
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Title : Dynamic State of Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa
by Noah Afees Oluwashina, David Oladipo Olalekan, Wynand Grobler,
Abstract : Efforts to attain Sustainable Development Goal second objective, which focuses on ensuring food security and eradicating hunger, appear to fall behind in Africa. Hunger persists in all African sub-regions, despite global and continental commitments and actions to address the issue, particularly following the COVID-19 pandemic. Policymakers need to have a comprehensive understanding of the state of food security in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to develop effective strategies to combat this challenge. This study contributes to the ongoing discourse on food security by conducting a thorough examination on the state of food security in SSA at aggregate and disaggregate levels. Analyzing data from the Global Food Security Index (GFSI) spanning from 2012 to 2022, using a stylised facts analysis to provide valuable insights into the region’s food security situation. Findings from the study reveal that food security in the SSA region lags significantly behind other global regions. Notably, food affordability poses a significant challenge in SSA, as reflected in the region’s lowest score in these aspects of food security. The study also highlights that South Africa, Ghana, Botswana, and Kenya have achieved more favorable levels of food security among SSA countries. To address these challenges, the study recommends substantial investments in agriculture, infrastructure, and climate-resilient agricultural strategies to boost domestic production, among others.

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